2017年成人高考专升本《英语》应试模拟题(2)

时间:2018-03-03 17:29  作者:  阅读次数:

一、语音知识
1、
A.civil
B.curriculum
C.crystal
D.country


2、
A.rough
B.daughter
C.delight
D.through


3、
A.Monday
B.onion
C.wonderful
D.got


4、

A.dream
B.threat
C.beat
D.heat


5、
A.die
B.diet
C.diary
D.diamond

二、词汇与语法知识
6、
-- How much sugar is left?
--________ 
A.None
B.Nothing
C.Not many
D.Few


7、 The differences between Chinese and western society can________misunderstandings.
A.course
B.causes
C.create
D.rise


8、
-- It is not very cold.I don't think we need these big jackets.-- I don't think so,________
A.anyway
B.neither
C.either
D.too


9、
More students than one________there,
A.has been
B.have been
C.had been
D.would have been


10、
I________this book by this time tomorrow.
A.will read
B.has read
C.will have read
D.would read


11、
There is a computer system________the company is experiencing problems.
A.with which
B.as which
C.such as
D.for such


12、
The Smiths________their breakfast when the morning post came.
A.had
B.were having
C.has been having
D.are having


13、
Not you but your father 
A.are to blame
B.is to blame
C.are to be blamed
D.is to be blamed


14、
The company is going to hand________the free samples tomorrow.
A.up
B.out
C.on
D.down


15、
That Shakespeare was one of the most talented writers________  an understatement to those who are really familiar with the field of literature.
A.is
B.are
C.was
D.were 

16、

The plant is dead.I________  it more water.
A.will give
B.would have given
C.must give
D.should have given


17、
My father gave________as my birthday gift.
A.to me the bike last week
B.to me the bike last night
C.me the bike last night
D.last night the bike to me


18、 New ideas have been put into practice________he was elected our leader.
A.after
B.for
C.since
D.before


19、
He was________have a doctor's appointment today.
A.supposed
B.supposing
C.supposed to
D.supposing to


20、
Nothing is as________as one's health.
A.happy
B.comparative
C.precious
D.generous


三、完型填空
21、回答21-35题
You really have to get very old before you realize you're old.I'm in my middle fifties and I don't feel 21 yet.However, sometimes I look back at my childhood and 22 things to the way life is for 23 kids.Some things have certainly changed.One area of change is24Some changes have been improvements.Some changes, on the other hand, have been 25
When I started school, most people didn't have a television; TV was just beginning to get 26My father decided to go all out and buy a 16 inch black and white Motorola 27 I still remember watching the Lone Ranger save people from the28guys on that awesome electronic machine.That was exciting!
Now, 29 have larger pictures in full color.The pictures are clearer and the sound is much more 30The new high definition sets are made to rival 31 screens.The variety and quantity of programming has 32 greatly.There are hundreds of channels and more shows than one person could ever watch.There are many fine entertainment and educational 33There's also a lot of garbage stuff that most 34 don't want their kids exposed to.Overall, we have more choices, and that is good.I wonder what 35 will be like when today's kids are my age.

A.young
B.old
C.sad
D.happy


22、
A.forget
B.remember
C.compare
D.miss


23、
A.today
B.yesterday
C.tomorrow
D.poor


24、
A.television
B.radio
C.computer
D.the writer


25、
A.great
B.huge
C.setbacks
D.remarkable


26、
A.gone
B.replaced
C.expensive
D.popular


27、
A.set
B.machine
C.TV
D.program


28、
A.old
B.good
C.bad
D.best


29、
A.films
B.movies
C.billboards
D.televisions


30、
A.alive
B.realistic
C.vivid
D.close


31、
A.movies
B.video
C.watch
D.telephone


32、
A.loss
B.increased
C.decreased
D.played


33、
A.books
B.shows
C.authors
D.awards


34、
A.people
B.writers
C.society
D.parents


35、
A.movies
B.food
C.cars
D.television 


36、 回答36-55题
    As part of an ongoing campaign against polyvinyl chloride (聚氯乙烯 ), a Virginia-based
    environmental advocacy group today called on manufacturers and retailers to phase out its use in shower curtains. The Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ) , released the results of a small study indicating that PVC ( 聚氯乙烯)-containing shower curtains are capable of emitting scores of potentially harmful materials, into people's bathrooms. A previous study, conducted by Environmental Protection Agency researchers, also found that plastic shower curtains can emit toxic compounds into the air.
    There's still debate among scientists about just how serious the health effects are especially at low doses. However, CHEJ urges consumers to avoid using PVC shower curtains, as well as many other PVC products.
    For people who are concerned about their shower curtains, there are alternatives. IKEA phased out PVC shower curtains 11 years ago, switching to ethylene vinyl acetate (乙烯醋酸共聚物). The company has said that 88 percent of its shower curtains would be PVC free by spring of 2008.
    Manufacturers are not required to label shower curtains, but some do list" PVC" or" vinyl" on the packaging. Numerous online retailers, sell shower curtains--primarily cotton or hemp--that are free of PVC. However, mildew(发霉) can be a problem with cotton and hemp products.

What did the study released by the Center for Health, Environment and Justice show?
A.That PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride.
B.Manufacturers are not required to label shower curtains.
C.That most shower curtains sold at IKEA are made from PVC.
D.That PVC shower curtains may release potentially harmful materials.


37、  What material are the shower curtains sold at IKEA made from?
A.Ethylene vinyl acetate.
B.Polyvinyl chloride.
C.Cotton.
D.PVC and EVA.


38、
What's the biggest problem with hemp and cotton shower curtains?
A.They are see-through.
B.They are too expensive.
C.They may cause mildew.
D.They emit harmful materials.


39、
Is it easy for consumers to tell that a shower curtain is made from PVC?
A.Yes, that information is always on the shower curtain label.
B.Not always, because shower curtains don't have to be labeled.
C.Yes, but only if they're made by IKEA after 2008.
D.No, because they only contain low doses of PVC. 

40、回答40-59题
Love is a wondrous state, deep, tender, and rewarding.Because of its intimate and personal nature, it is regarded by some as an improper topic for experimental research.But, whatever our personal feelings may be, our assigned mission as psychologists is to analyze all facets (方面) of human and animal behavior into their component variables.So far as love or affection is concerned, psychologists have failed in this mission.The little we know about love does not transcend simple observation, and the little we write about it has been written better by poets and novelists.But of greater concern is the fact that psychologists tend to give progressively less attention to a motive which pervades our entire lives.Psychologists, at least psychologists who write textbooks, not only show no interest in the origin and development of love or affection, but they seem to be unaware of its very existence.The apparent repression of love by modern psychologists stands in sharp contrast with the attitude taken by many famous and normal people.The word "love" has the highest reference frequency of any word cited in Bartlett's Book of Familiar Quotations.It would appear that this emotion has long had a vast interest and fascination for human beings, regardless of the attitude taken by psychologists ; but the quotations cited, even by famous and normal people, have a mundane redundancy.These authors and authorities have stolen love from the child and infant and made it the exclusive property of the adolescent and adult.

According to the passage,________
A.poets and other authors have deemed romantic love the only type of love
B.only adults and adolescents are capable of feeling true love
C.modern psychologists realize the importance of studying love
D.love belongs solely in poetry books


41、 The author probably supports which of the following statements?
A.Social science should not deal with human emotions.
B.Emotion is a vital aspect of the study of human behavior.
C.Love is too personal and improper for experimental research.
D.Psychology textbook writers do not feel love is an important emotion.


42、 The best statement of the main idea for the passage is ________
A.Bartlett's book publishes quotations about love
B.love is a wondrous state, deep, tender and rewarding
C.psychologists write terrible textbooks because they ignore love
D.psychologist must study all aspects of human behavior, including love


43、 The tone of the passage is best described as________
A.objective
B.ironic
C.condescending
D.fond

44、回答44-63题
    How many things can you see in the night sky? A lot! On a clear night you might see the Moon, some planets, and thousands of sparkling stars.You can see even more with a telescope.But scientists believe there are some things in the sky that we will never see.We won't see them with the biggest telescope in the world, on the clearest night of the year.That's because they're invisible.They're the mysterious dead stars called black holes.As a star's gases burn, they give off light and heat.But when the gas runs out, the star stops burning and begins to die.As the star cools, the outer layers of the star pull in toward the center.The star squashes(挤压 ) into a smaller and smaller ball.If the star was very small, the star ends up as a cold, dark ball called a black dwarf.If the star was very big, it keeps squashing inward until it's packed together tighter than anything in the universe.Imagine if the Earth were crushed until it was the size of a tiny marble.That's how tightly this dead star, a black hole, is packed.What pulls the star in toward its center with such power? It's the same force that pulls you down when you jump--the force called gravity.A black hole is so tightly packed that its gravity sucks in everything--even light.The light from a black hole can never come back to your eyes.That's why you see nothing but blackness.So remember: Scattered in the silent darkness are black holes--the great mystery of space.

According to the article, what causes a star to die?
A.As its gases run out, it cools down.
B.It collides with other stars.
C.It can only live for about a million years.
D.As it gets hotter and hotter, it explodes.


45、 Which word has the same meaning with the word "mysterious"?
A.ordinary
B.bright
C.strange
D.common

46、 What happens after a star dies?
A.It becomes invisible.
B.It falls to Earth.
C.It burns up all of its gases.
D.It becomes brighter and easier to see.


47、 Why can't you see light when you look at a black hole?
A.Because most black holes are so far away.
B.Because the gravity of a black hole is so strong that it sucks the light inward.
C.Because as the star's gases burn, it stops giving off heat and light.
D.Because as a star cools, its outer layers pull in toward its center.




48、回答48-67题
    Many of the problems we face today are not so new as we think they are.And some of our modern solutions are not so new, either.The problem of energy shortages and the solution of using solar energy go back at least to early Greek cultures.The climate in the coastal areas of Greece 2,500 years ago was characterized by cool winters, much as it is today.At that time, the Greeks heated their homes with small, charcoal-burning heaters.In other words, wood (which is used to make charcoal) was their primary source of energy.However, by the fifth century BC fuel shortages had become common because, in many parts of Greece, the firewood in the forests had been depleted.Once the supply of firewood from the local forests ran out, people began to use the wood from olive groves as fuel.But this solution had its own problem.It reduced the olive crop, a valuable resource to the Greeks.By the fourth century BC, the city of Athens banned the use of olive wood for fuel.Wood had to be imported from farther and farther away, making it more difficult to obtain and more expensive to use.About this time the Greeks began to build their houses facing south, so that the low sun in winter could penetrate and help heat the interiors.Excavations of ancient Greek cities suggest that large areas were planned so that individual homes could take maximum advantage of passive solar energy.

The word "depleted" means________
A.damaged
B.stolen
C.used up
D.discovered


49、 According to the passage,________
A.using wood from the olive groves in ancient Greece was a sensible solution to the fuel problem
B.using passive solar energy was more expensive than using wood in ancient Greece
C.the ancient Greeks planted new forests to replace the ones they cut down for firewood
D.the concept of using passive solar energy has been around since at least the fourth century BC


50、 The author implies that before the fifth century BC,________
A.the climate was much milder in the coastal areas of Greece
B.the Greeks were very careful to replant their forests after they cut them
C.the Greeks were not concerned about conserving their energy sources
D.olives were not an important resource to the Greeks


51、 Which sentence best expresses the central point of the passage?
A.Sentence 1.
B.Sentence 2.
C.Sentence 3.
D.Sentence 4.

52、回答52-71题
    The pines belong to the coniferous(结球果的) class of trees; that is, trees which bear cones.The pines may be told from the other coniferous trees by their leaves, which are in the form of needles two inches or more in length.These needles keep green throughout the entire year.This is characteristic of all coniferous trees, except the larch and cypress, which shed their leaves in winter.The pines are widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, and include about 80 distinct species with over 600 varieties.The species enumerated here are especially common in the eastern part of the United States, growing either native in the forest or under cultivation in the parks.The pines form a very important class of timber trees and produce beautiful effects when planted in groups in the parks.How to tell them from each other: The pine needles are arranged in clusters.Each species has a certain characteristic number of needles to the cluster and this fact generally provides the simplest and most direct way of distinguishing the different pines.In the white pine there are five needles to each cluster, in the pitch pine three, and in the Scotch pine two.The Austrian pine also has two needles to the cluster, but the difference in size and character of the needles will distinguish this species from the Scotch pine.

Which of the following statements is not a fact?
A.Pine trees are classified as coniferous.
B.Most pine trees remain green all year.
C.Pine trees are more useful for timber than for landscaping.
D.Pines are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere.


53、 Which of the following trait is common to pine trees?
A.They differ among themselves by shades of green.
B.Their pine needles are arranged in clusters.
C.They are most common to the western United States.
D.They have different numbers of branches.


54、
How are larch and cypress trees different from other pine trees?
A.They have an odd number of pine needles per cluster.
B.They shed their leaves in winter.
C.Their pine needles are longer than other varieties.
D.They are only found in cultivated parks.


55、
Which pattern of organization is used?
A.Comparison/contrast.
B.Cause/effect.
C.Order of importance.
D.Spatial order.
五、补全对话
56、

回答56-60题
A.when did you get back
B.What a surprise I got
C.How I admire you
D.I am Tom
E.got hold of 
F.got through to
G.this is Tom 
H.tried to contact you
Philip: Hello ! Is that you, Tom?
Tom: Yes, 56
Philip: I can't believe I 57 you at last.And what have you been doing?
Tom : Yeah, I haven't been home a lot lately.And I've had a lot of work and social engagements.Oh, Philip, 58 to London?
Philip: I just came back about a week ago, I 59 by phone several times, but you were not in.Tom: Sorry, Sorry.Did you have a nice holiday, then?
Philip: Lovely.I went to Scotland and traveled around.Tom: 60 ! I need a holiday indeed.Philip : Well, I suppose so.Tom: Oh , somebody's at the door.I have to go.And I have to say" good-bye" .Nice talking to you.Philip : Same here, bye-bye.

________


57、 ________


58、 ________


59、 ________


60、 ________


六、书面表达
61、

你(Li Yuan)刚买了一块表,但你不满意,因为它总有毛病。写一封投诉信,其内容如下:
(1)买表的时间、地点;
(2)出现的问题;
(3)要求退货。

 

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