2017年成人高考专升本《英语》深度预测卷(1)

时间:2018-03-03 17:29  作者:  阅读次数:

一、语音知识
1、
A.value
B.due
C.clue
D.continue


2、
A.rank
B.random
C.range
D.rent


3、
A.asked
B.looked
C.helped
D.placed

 




4、
A.climb
B.doubt
C.absorb
D.thumb


5、
A.color
B.comfortable
C.bachelor
D.bor

二、词汇与语法知识
6、
It looks________  the family has got a lot of problems.
A.as long as
B.as if
C.while
D.though


7、
If motorists had to pay an extra tax to drive in cities, they ________ their cars a lot less.
A.use
B.will use
C.used
D.would use


8、
-- I've never seen that movie.
________  have I.
A.So
B.Either
C.Neither
D.Too


9、
If you're forbidden to do something, it means you________do it,
A.haven't got to
B.needn't
C.couldn't
D.may not


10、
________ their luggage, the tourists hurried to the airport.
A.Packed
B.After packed
C.Having packed
D.Packing 

11、
The 19th Winter Games, held in Salt Lake City,________ an Olympic tradition which goes back almost 3,000 years.
A.is the part of
B.are the part of
C.is part of
D.are part of


12、
John's completely unaware how much damage he did the company,________
A.didn't he
B.did he
C.isn't he
D.is he


13、
By my 50th birthday, I________in my current profession for over 20 years.
A.would have been
B.would be
C.will be
D.will have been


14、 When the students did badly, the teacher became really________and didn't smile for weeks.
A.depressed
B.depressing
C.bored
D.boring


15、

Whatever you do, you ________ click with the right mouse button or the program will crash.
A.must not
B.don't have to
C.doesn't have to
D.needn't


16、
________ more careful, such spelling mistakes might have been avoided.
A.You had been
B.You have been
C.Had you been
D.Have you been


17、
Robert goes to the gym only two or three times a year.He________goes to the gym.
A.always
B.never
C.usually
D.seldom


18、
We won't be able to go to the club________our parents give us permission.
A.although
B.nevertheless
C.unless
D.once


19、
He is always complaining about one thing or________
A.another
B.something
C.others
D.anything


20、
--________ do you play tennis?
-- Twice a month.
A.When
B.What
C.How often
D.How
三、完型填空
21、 回答21-35题
    Eggs are my favorite food.I like them 21 ,hard-boiled,scrambled,or poached.I eat eggs for 22 ,lunch,and dinner.I eat eggs here,there,and everywhere!
    Eggs taste great.You can eat them by 23 or as part of any meal.Eggs are 24 used as an ingredient in many prepared foods.Can you think of any foods that contain 25 ?
    Eggs are really a perfect food.They are 26 in most of the nutrients we need to maintain good 27 .When a baby chicken develops 28 an egg,the egg 29 and yolk are the only foods they need.
    Many people believe that eggs are 30 .They point out that eggs contain a very high amount of cholesterol(胆固醇).Too 31 of one kind of cholesterol in our blood can cause heart disease.
    There is no evidence that eggs 32 the harmful cholesterol in our blood.When we eat foods that are 33 in cholesterol,our bodies make 34 of it to balance,or adjust.
    If you want to enjoy a tasty and healthy food.eat plenty of 35

A.fried
B.cooked
C.eaten
D.decorated


22、
A.day
B.night
C.breakfast
D.health


23、
A.themselves
B.cooking
C.yourselves
D.meal


24、
A.yet
B.still
C.probably
D.also


25、
A.flour
B.milk
C.vitamins
D.eggs


26、
A.rich
B.lacking
C.found
D.hiding


27、
A.habits
B.health
C.deeds
D.luck


28、
A.near
B.inside
C.under
D.outside


29、
A.beaters
B.white
C.shell
D.roll


30、
A.expensive
B.healthy
C.unhealthy
D.cheap


31、
A.little
B.few
C.much
D.many


32、
A.decrease
B.bring
C.take
D.raise


33、
A.high
B.low
C.down
D.flavored


34、
A.more
B.less
C.fun
D.pickles


35、
A.grains
B.chickens
C.cookies
D.eggs 

四、阅读理解
36、回答36-55题
A group of scientists rowing toward the center of a lake saw something shocking.They turned back as fast as they could.What had they seen?.The lake was boiling!
The group was investigating a crater lake in the mountains of St.Vincent.A crater hake is the mouth of a volcano that has been dormant for some time and has filled with water.This particular crater was the tip of a volcano called Soufriere, which erupted last in 1902.Since that time, it had not shown any signs of action.But in the fall of 1971, mountain climbers who had hiked near the lake returned to the lowlands with strange stories.They said the water had turned yellow and was giving off a smell like burnt eggs.A seething fog was rising from the lake's surface.Local scientists rushed to Soufriere to see if this might be the beginning of a new volcanic explosion.They found a huge black mass in the middle of the water.It was a great blab 1,000 feet long and 300 feet wide.Lava had pushed up through the bottom of the lake and formed a new island.The investigators wanted to make sure that the volcano was safe, and that the lava would not
overflow into the surrounding countryside.But they could never reach the island to study it, because the lava was so hot that the water around it bubbled and boiled.

This passage is about________
A.mountain climbing
B.a boiling lake
C.a new volcanic island
D.a mysterious blab


37、 A crater lake is at the tip of a________
A.mountain
B.ridge
C.island
D.volcano


38、 We can conclude that________
A.the situation was nothing to be concerned about
B.Soufriere is still an active volcano
C.crater lakes are easy to hike to
D.Soufriere is a dead volcano


39、 The writer explains the boiling water by using________
A.myths
B.Humor
C.facts
D.arguments 

40、 回答40-59题
    When you imagine the desert,you probably think of a very hot place covered with sand.Although this is a good description for many deserts, Earth' s largest desert is actually a very cold place covered with ice: Antarctica.
    In order for an area to be considered a desert, it must receive very little rainfall.  More specifically, it must receive an average of less than ten inches of precipitation--which can be rain,sleet, hail, or snow--on the ground every year.Antarctica, the coldest place on earth, has an average temperature that usually falls below the freezing point.And because cold air holds less moisture than warm air, the air in Antarctica does not hold much moisture at all.  This is evident in the low precipitation statistics recorded for Antarctica.For example, the central part of Antarctica receives an average of less than two inches of snow every year.  
    The coastline of Antarctica receives a little bit more--between seven and eight inches a year.  Because Antarctica gets so little precipitation every year, it is considered a desert.
    When precipitation falls in hot deserts, it quickly evaporates back into the atmosphere.The air over Antarctica is too cold to hold water vapor, so there is very little evaporation.Due to this low rate of evaporation, most of the snow that falls to the ground remains there permanently, eventually building up into thick ice sheets.Any snow that does not freeze into ice sheets becomes caught up in the strong winds that constantly blow over Antarctica.  These snow-filled winds can make it look as if it is snowing.Even though snowfall is very rare there, blizzards are actually very common on Antarctica.

The main purpose of paragraph 1 is to ________
A.accept a conclusion
B.introduce an argument
C.provide a brief history
D.deny a common belief


41、 The best title for this passage would be________
A.Earth's Many Deserts
B.Antarctica: The Coldest Place on Earth
C.A Desert of Ice
D.Unusual Blizzards


42、 Africa' s Sahara Desert is the second-largest desert on earth.  Based on the information in the passage ,what characteristic must the Sahara share with Antarctica?
A.Low temperatures.
B.High temperatures.
C.Frequent blizzards.
D.Low precipitation.


43、 Based on the information in the final paragraph, it can be understood that blizzards in Antarctica are mainly the result of________
A.strong winds
B.large amounts of snowfall
C.low amounts of precipitation
D.freezing cold temperatures 

44、回答44-63题
Today, the Indianapolis 500, one of the world's most famous car races, takes about four hours to run.If the Indy 500 had been held in 1895, it would have taken almost three days.The horseless carriage had just been invented a short time before.Top speeds back then were much lower than they are today.For most people, just seeing a car move without a horse pulling it was thrilling enough.The driver's main concern was making sure the car didn't break down.One of the first car races was held in Chicago on Thanksgiving Day in 1895.Folks crowded the streets to gawk at the new machines.The route of the race went through the heart of town.The cars were to go out to a nearby suburb and back.The race covered a distance of about 54 miles.That's less than one-tenth the distance at Indy.The drivers cranked up their engines and prayed that they wouldn't break down.Then they were off.The race proved too much for some of the cars.Perhaps they couldn't withstand the high speeds.The winner of the contest was J.Frank Duryea.He finished the race a bit more than seven hours after he started.He had covered the grueling distance at an average speed of 7.5 miles per hour.That is slower than a modern marathoner can go on foot.Even so, as Duryea finished, the crowd went wild.

This passage deals with________
A.the Indianapolis 500
B.a new kind of car
C.an early auto race
D.the streets of Chicago


45、 Some cars didn't finish the race in Chicago because________
A.their engines broke down
B.the drivers were afraid of the high speed
C.the brakes jammed
D.they ran out of gas

46、 What can you conclude about the public's attitude toward auto race?
A.They were more impressed with slower speed.
B.They thought cars were unnecessary.
C.They enjoyed just seeing the cars.
D.They were easily bored.


47、 In this passage the word "gawk" means________
A.laugh
B.stare
C.frown
D.glare

48、 回答48-67题
    American Blacks experienced a revolution after 1945, a revolution in expectations.  Following World War Ⅱ , the steady movement toward first-class citizenship for Black people quickened, with significant actions taking place in courts of law, in voting booths, in restaurants and in the streets of the nation.
    A decade of intense civil rights activity was launched in 1954 when the United States Supreme Court declared segregated schools to be unconstitutional.  In 1955, Dr.  Martin Luther King, Jr. , effectively organized the Blacks of Atlanta, Georgia, in a bus boycott. The boycott lasted two years, and when it was over, Blacks no longer were degraded by being forced to sit or stand in the rear of buses.
    In 1960, a group of Black college students decided that they, as well as white persons, had the right to eat at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.  This sit-in sparked an aggressive national movement and, in the next few years, thousands of young men and women--Black and White, North and South--overturned local laws and customs that had maintained segregation. Sit-ins, pray-ins, freedom rides, freedom marches and demonstrations to open all schools to Black children took place across the nation.

Several important actions took place to change the status of black people 
A.after World War Ⅱ
B.in 1954
C.before 1945
D.in 1960


49、  In which city was the bus boycott organized?
A.Georgia.
B.Greensboro.
C.North Carolina.
D.Atlanta.


50、
Who are the first to make the success of sit-in become true?
A.Black college students and whites.
B.First-class citizens.
C.The Blacks of Atlanta.
D.Young men and women in Greensboro.


51、
The best title for this passage could be 
A.Black History
B.Educational Opportunities for Blacks
C.The Fight for Equality
D.Civil Rights Workers of the '60s 

52、 回答52-71题
    Would you eat a bacon, lettuce and love apple sandwich'?. You probably have eaten many of them. Love apple was the name used many years ago for the tomato.
    The tomato is originally an American plant.  It was found in South America by early Spanish explorers. The word tomato comes from the native Nahuatl word tomatl. But when it moved north, the plant earned a different name. Remarkably, the settlers in North America thought it was poisonous. They believed that to eat it was surely to die. It was said that deserted suitors would threaten to eat a tomato to cause their coldhearted lovers regret. Because of this legend, the settlers called the tomato a "love apple. " While people enjoyed other native plants such as corn and sweet potatoes, everyone avoided the tomato.
    No one knows who first dared to eat a tomato. Perhaps someone was brave enough, or lovesick enough, to try out the truth of the rumors. Of course, whoever ate this fruit was perfectly safe. No one died from eating a love apple. Still, it was many years before the people fully believed that the tomato was a safe, and even good food. But its use did become common, and the plant was sent across the ocean to become part of many traditional European dishes.

 The language from which we derived the word tomato is 
A.Portuguese
B.Spanish
C.Nahuatl
D.European


53、  North American people didn't eat tomatoes at first because 
A.they had too much other food
B.they mistakenly thought they were poisonous
C.settlers ate only traditional European foods
D.no one liked the taste


54、
The underlined word "suitor" in the second paragraph means 
A.boyfriend
B.launderer
C.tailor
D.explorer


55、
A good title for this passage would be 
A.Life in Early America
B.What Happens to the Brokenhearted
C.The History of the Tomato
D.Vegetables in Our Diet 

五、补全对话
56、

回答56-60题
A.Yes, we met 
B.That's great
C.No, I'm afraid I haven't had any time yet
D.Are you excited
E.No, I haven't seen him yet
F.I was very nervous
G.I have been there 
H.Thanks for calling
Betsy: Hi Brian, this is Betsy.How are you doing.'?
Brian: I've just returned from the Head Office.The weather is great! Boston is a great city!
Betsy: Have you met Frank yet?
Brian: 56 .We have a meeting at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.We are going to meet then.Betsy: Have you made your presentation yet?
Brian: Yes, I made the presentation yesterday afternoon.57 , but everything went well.Betsy: Has management given you any feedback yet?
Brian: Yes, I've already met with the sales director.We met immediately after the meeting and he was impressed with our work.Betsy: 58 Brian.Congratulations! Have you visited any museums yet?
Brian: 59I hope to take a tour around town tomorrow.Betsy: Well, I'm happy to hear that everything is going well.I'll talk to you soon.Brian :60Betsy.Bye.Betsy : Bye.

________


57、 ________


58、 ________


59、 ________


60、 ________

六、书面表达
61、

你(Li Yuan)的一个朋友准备出院,写封信表示宽慰,并鼓励他/她。其内容如下:
(1)如何得知的消息;
(2)对他/她的出院表示高兴;
(3)提供帮助。


 
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