2009年河南成人高考高起点英语考试真题及参考答

时间:2018-03-03 17:46  作者:  阅读次数:

  一、语音知识(共5小题;每题1.5分,共7.5分。)在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

  1. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. climb

  B. job

  C. disturb

  D. club

  【正确答案】A

  2. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. sweater

  B. meaat

  C. pleasure

  D. pleased

  【正确答案】D

  3. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. drunk

  B.dusty

  C.duty

  D. drug

  【正确答案】C

  4. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. breathe

  B. nothing

  C.clothes

  D. weather

  【正确答案】B

  5. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. prove

  B. rose

  C.wrote

  D. broke

  【正确答案】A

  二、词汇与语法知识(共15小题;每题1.5分;共22.5分。)从每小题的四个选项中,选出最佳的一项。

  第6题 Regular exercise can______you against heart disease.

  A. fight

  B. protect

  C. keep

  D. support

  【正确答案】B

  【答案解析】本题考查固定搭配。句意:经常锻炼能够保护你不患心脏病。protect…against防御,保护……使免受……。

  第7题 Over a hundred people expressed their worries,but______were willing to help.

  A. some

  B. many

  C. few

  D. little

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查代词辨析。句意:一百多人表达出他们的担心,但是几乎没人愿意帮忙。little修饰不可数名词,故排除D。由but可知后半句是否定的意思,few修饰可数名词,表示很少数的,几乎没有的。

  第8题 You cant do anything else until you______your homework.

  A. finished

  B. will finish

  C. have finished

  D. had finished

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查时态。句意:直到做完家庭作业,你才能干别的事情。not…until直到……才。根据句意可知,此处时态为现在完成时。

  第9题 First draw a line______the middle of the page.Then write a word in the space above the line.

  A. across

  B. over

  C. between

  D. within

  【正确答案】A

  【答案解析】本题考查介词辨析。句意:首先,在此页中央画一条直线,然后,在这条直线上面写一个词。across横越,穿过;over越过,在……之上;between在……之间;within在……范围内。根据句意可知选A。

  第10题 The manager had Ms.Brunell______the new assistant around yesterday.

  A. to show

  B. showed

  C. showing

  D. show

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查have+宾补结构。句意:昨天,经理让Brunell女士带这位新助理进行了参观。have sb.do sth.(相当于get sb.to do sth.)表示“请(叫、让)某人做某事”,补语动作由宾语主动完成。故选D。have sth.done表示“让某事被做”,是一种有意识的行为,不强调此事是由谁做的,而侧重于宾语是补语动作的承受者。have sb./sth.doing表示让某人或某事一直在进行某个动作或处于某种状态,常伴随某一段时间作状语。

  第11题 Send for a doctor quickly.The man______.

  A. will die

  B. is dying

  C. dies

  D. died

  【正确答案】B

  【答案解析】本题考查时态。句意:快请个医生来,这个男的快要死了。现在进行时表示将来,前半句是祈使句,后半句表示正在发生的事情。

  第12题 I enjoy listening to Miss White,my English teacher,______I can only understand about half of what she says.

  A. when

  B. because

  C. if

  D. though

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查连词辨析。句意:我喜欢听怀特小姐——我的英语老师的声音,尽管我只能听懂她所讲内容的一半。根据句意可知,本句为让步状语从句,故用连词though引导。

  第13题 The bag is very heavy.Come and lend me a hand,______

  A. should you

  B. do you

  C. can you

  D. will you

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查反意疑问句。句意:这个包太重了,过来帮我一把,好吗?前句为祈使句,祈使句后一般加上will you或won’t you构成反意疑问句,用will you多表示“请求”。

  第14题 After working for two hours,I found______impossible to complete the paper in time.

  A. me

  B. this

  C. that

  D. it

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查it的用法。句意:工作了两个小时后,我发现及时完成这篇论文是不可能的。“find it+形容词+不定式”表示“发现干某事怎么样”,用it 作形式宾语,代替不定式写在动词的后面,而将真正的宾语放在句尾,形容词作it 的补语。

  第15题 It was very kind of you to clean the office,though you______.

  A. neednt do

  B. wouldnt have

  C. didnt have to

  D. mustnt have done

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查情态动词的用法。句意:你清理了办公室真是太好了,尽管你用不着那样做。have to表示不得不,前加否定,表示用不着。主句时态为过去时,故用didn’t have to。

  第16题 The faster anything goes up into the sky,______.

  A. it reaches the highest

  B. it reaches the higher

  C. the highest it reaches

  D. the higher it reaches

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查比较级结构。句意:冲入天空的东西,速度越快,它飞得越高。the more…the more…越……越……。

  第17题 Joe took his friends there by a shortcut,______reduced the drive from 50 minutes to 15.

  A. where

  B. which

  C. that

  D. what

  【正确答案】B

  【答案解析】本题考查非限制性定语从句。句意:乔通过一条近道把他的朋友们送到那里,这样把50分钟的车程减少到了15分钟。由空格前的逗号可知是非限制性定语从句,故由which引导,代替前面的整个主句。

  第18题______there like that,you remind me of your father.

  A. To sit

  B. Being sitting

  C. Sitting

  D. Sit

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查非谓语动词。句意:你像那样坐在那里,你让我想起了你的父亲。sit的逻辑主语是you,用现在分词表主动。

  第19题 He told me that the number of students to be admitted______at that time.

  A. had not been decided on

  B. were not decided on

  C. has not been decided on

  D. are not decided on

  【正确答案】A

  【答案解析】本题考查时态。句意:他告诉我,在那时被批准加入的学生人数还没有被定下来。that引导的是一个宾语从句,在宾语从句中,the number作主语,to be admitted作students的定语。主句时态为过去时,再由时间状语at that time可知,从句动作发生在主句之前,故用过去完成时。

  第20题 Jack told his daughter that she could have______she wanted for Christmas.

  A. which

  B. whatever

  C. that

  D. whenever

  【正确答案】B

  【答案解析】本题考查名词性从句。句意:杰克告诉他的女儿,在圣诞节她能够得到她想要的任何东西。whatever充当关系代词,引导宾语从句,表示“无论什么,不管什么”。

  三、完形填空(共15小题;每题2分,共30分。) 通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  It was the late spring of 1979,a hot Saturday afternoon.Hundreds of us sat21__________,side by side,in rows of wooden chairs on the main campus lawn(校园草坪).We22__________ blue robes(毕业生长袍).We listened carefully to long23__________.When the ceremony(典礼)was24__________,we threw our caps in the air,and we were officially graduated from college.

  After that,I found Morrie Schwartz,my25__________ professor,and introduced him to my26__________.He was a small man who took small steps,as if a27__________ wind could,at any time,28 __________ him up into the clouds.His teeth were in good shape.When he smiled it was as if you had just29__________ him the funniest joke on earth.

  He told my parents how I30 __________ every class he taught.He told them,“You have a31__________ boy here.He helped me a lot.”Shy but32__________,I looked at my feet.Before we left,I33__________ Mr.Schwartz a present,a briefcase with his name on the front.I didn’t want to forget him.34__________ I didn’t want him to forget me.He asked if I would keep in35__________,and without hesitation(犹豫)I said,“Of course.”When he turned around,I saw tears in his eyes.

  第21题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. along

  B. around

  C. beside

  D. together

  【正确答案】D

  第22题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. took

  B. wore

  C. put on

  D. got in

  【正确答案】B

  第23题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. lectures

  B. dialogues

  C. speeches

  D. reports

  【正确答案】C

  第24题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. on

  B. up

  C. over

  D. away

  【正确答案】C

  第25题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. lovely

  B. precious

  C. happy

  D. favorite

  【正确答案】D

  第26题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. parents

  B. elder brother

  C. girl friend

  D. friends

  【正确答案】A

  第27题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. strong

  B. north

  C. warm

  D. cold

  【正确答案】A

  第28题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. beat

  B. pull

  C. blow

  D. wipe

  【正确答案】C

  第29题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. made

  B. told

  C. played

  D. given

  【正确答案】B

  第30题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. left

  B. reached

  C. missed

  D. took

  【正确答案】D

  第31题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. special

  B. brave

  C. busy

  D. serious

  【正确答案】A

  第32题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. astonished

  B. pleased

  C. disappointed

  D. nervous

  【正确答案】B

  第33题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. handed

  B. sent

  C. delivered

  D. brought

  【正确答案】A

  第34题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. While

  B. But

  C. And

  D. For

  【正确答案】C

  第35题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. conversation

  B. mind

  C. company

  D. touch

  【正确答案】D

  四、阅读理解(共15小题;每题3分,共45分。) 阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

  A

  After working long hours on her feet everyday in the operating room,Taryn Rose knew a lot about foot pain.But unlike most of her colleagues(同事),she turned her pain into money:Today she is the boss of Taryn Rose International,a $528 million company that makes nice and comfortable shoes.

  At the beginning,Rose realized the only thing that could stop her was fear of failure.“I could hear my friends and family saying,‘Why did you leave a good job?’ If I failed,would I be okay facing them? And I thought,‘So what? I can go back for further study in medicine.’ I started to accept that it would be okay to say,’I failed,but I tried.’ Once I was comfortable with that thought,the fear came to an end.I realized I feared regret more than failure.And after you turn to the path you choose,there is nothing acceptable but success.”

  Now,Rose has no regrets about leaving medicine.“What I’m doing is not all that different from what I was doing as a doctor.The goal is the same:to relieve(减轻)pain.A former professor told me:‘You’re helping hundreds of thousands of women with your shoes.As a doctor,you would have helped only the few who went to your office.You’re having a much greater effect.’”

  Looking back,Rose admits she caught a couple of lucky breaks.“To me,luck is about being prepared for those opportunities(机会)that come knocking.You have to have an open mind,the right skills and all your senses working to see what opportunities present themselves.Luck can open the door,but you still have to walk through it.”

  第36题 Before starting her shoe business,Taryn Rose was a______.

  A. nurse

  B. worker

  C. doctor

  D. boss

  【正确答案】C

  第37题 Rose realized later______was the most fearful for her to have or face in her job change.

  A. failure

  B. regret

  C. family

  D. colleagues

  【正确答案】B

  第38题 What did her former professor think about Rose and her new job?

  A. She doesnt have to meet many people in her office.

  B. Her new work is quite different from her old job.

  C. She can now serve more people than before.

  D. Her new work is much more difficult.

  【正确答案】C

  第39题 Which of the following can best explain the last sentence in the passage?

  A. You have to do what you can after luck brings you opportunities.

  B. You should open the door when opportunities come to you.

  C. You have to be prepared for walking through the door.

  D. You should open your eyes to see opportunities clearly.

  【正确答案】A

  B

  Last fall was a first?of?its?kind season.I did not arrange(安排)any after?school classes for my children.No swimming.No music lessons.No play dates.Nothing.

  Once they finished their homework,they were free to do what they pleased,but only one hour of TV.In the beginning,my sons,Ben,11,and Nick,9,were anxious about this sudden,unplanned freedom.I had to push them out of the door with a ball,a bike,and so on.“Play!”I ordered.

  I learned that this new plan takes time,patience and a lot of faith in the theory that having excellent grades isn’t really important.

  When my older kids,now in college and high school,were young,I brought in the rules of modern parenting.They are unspoken,but followed carefully.First,you must let your child have a variety of activities.After all,you never know where you’ll find a genius(天才).Second,if the child shows the slightest talent(才能),the activity must be pushed with lessons,special coaching(辅导)and practice of several days a week.Every minute should be taken and every minute has a purpose.That was really too much for my children.

  Now with the new plan,we told stories.We listened to music.And the kids played with bikes,balls,and whatever was handy.Nobody kept score.In fact,the boys played outside so much that the lawn was worn down to the soil in places.They’ve made friends with those who come from all over the neighbourhood to play games.

  We like those peaceful evenings.Ben and Nick have a good time this fall.Maybe that’s because the time off has allowed us to enjoy each other’s company.

  第40题 What was new for the family last fall?

  A. The children began to learn music when school was over.

  B. The writer arranged no extra lessons for the children.

  C. The writer found no time to play with the sons.

  D. The children had nothing to do after school.

  【正确答案】B

  第41题 At the beginning of that season the children______.

  A. hated to spend more time on their homework

  B. felt excited about making their own decisions

  C. were pleased to have more freedom

  D. were worried about the change

  【正确答案】D

  第42题 According to "modern parenting" discussed in Paragraph 4,parents should______.

  A. make use of every minute to be with the children

  B. provide coaching and practice for each activity

  C. try every means to find a childs real talent

  D. know the rules but never talk about them

  【正确答案】C

  第43题 From the passage we learn that______.

  A. children like story-telling more than bike?riding

  B. parents should teach their children how to make a plan

  C. children should have time to enjoy themselves after school

  D. parents can enjoy their evenings when children play with others

  【正确答案】C

  C

  A woman heads into a popular New York City coffee shop on a cold winter morning.Just ahead of her,a man drops a few papers.The woman pauses to help gather them.A clerk at a busy store thanks a customer who has just bought something.“Enjoy,” the young woman says,smiling widely.“Have a nice day.” She sounds like she really means it.These are the common situations we may see every day.

  However,in her best?selling book Talk to the Hand,Lynne Truss argues that common good manners such as saying “Excuse me” almost no longer exist.There are certainly plenty who would agree with her.According to one recent study,70 percent of the U.S.adults(成人)said people are ruder now than they were 20 years ago.

  Is it really true?We decided to find out if good manners are really hard to see.In this politeness study,reporters were sent to many cities in the world.They performed three experiments:“door tests”(would anyone hold the door open for them?);“paper drops”(who would help them gather a pile of “accidentally”dropped papers?);and “service tests”(which salesclerks would thank them for a purchase[购物]?).

  In New York,60 tests(20 of each type)were done.Along the way,the reporters met all types of people:men and women of different races,ages,professions(职业),and income levels.And guess what?In the end,four out of every five people they met passed their politeness test—making New York the most polite city in the study.

  第44题 What does Lynne Truss argue in Talk to the Hand?

  A. People are not as polite as they used to.

  B. "Excuse me" is not welcome nowadays.

  C. Of all the adults in the US 70% are rude.

  D. People dont care about manners any more.

  【正确答案】A

  第45题 What is TRUE about the politeness study discussed in the passage?

  A. The study was reported in many cities of the world.

  B. New York was the most suitable city for the experiment.

  C. Sixty tests were designed to see if people are polite to each other.

  D. Experiments were performed to see if common good manners exist.

  【正确答案】D

  第46题 What is found in the study?

  A. More people passed the tests in New York than in any other cities.

  B. Different kinds of people acted differently in the New York tests.

  C. Four out of five people passed the politeness test in the study.

  D. Many people in the experiment passed the tests by guessing.

  【正确答案】A

  D

  This is not a diet(减肥食谱)—or a hard exercise program.Nobody can stick to those for long.Instead,it’s a simple way to make weight loss a natural part of the life you already live.And guess what? It’s fun! You don’t have to give up the foods you love or do regular exercises.It’s about balancing calories(平衡卡路里)in tiny ways that add up to big benefits(好处).You just use some tricks the “naturally thin” people do.Pick the ones you like,stick with them,and you’ll lose weight and be strong!

  Talk it UP Every time you pick up the phone,stand up and walk around.Heavy people sit on average two and a half hours more every day than thin people,according to a study.

  Get face time We use e?mail so much that we’ve forgotten what our colleagues look like.Pick a colleague or two who sit farthest from you and deliver 10 of those daily messages in person.And go out of your way:go to a bathroom or a copy machine on another floor—and take the stairs,of course.

  Think about your drink Consider beer or wine instead of a frozen drink:A glass of regular beer has 140 calories and a serving of wine has 126 calories,while a strawberry daiquiri has about 300 and a margarita 340.

  Reduce a total of 100 calories each day and you’ll be able to lose about 10 pounds in a year.This is really not difficult to do.

  第47题 What is mainly talked about in the passage?

  A. How to do exercises daily.

  B. How to lose weight easily.

  C. How to work comfortably.

  D. How to eat and drink regularly.

  【正确答案】B

  第48题 Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

  A. Thin people sit fewer hours daily than heavy people.

  B. People deliver messages to their colleagues in person.

  C. More people walk around when they talk on the phone.

  D. Heavy people make longer phone calls than thin people.

  【正确答案】A

  第49题 What does the writer mean by "face time" in Paragraph 3?

  A. Time for getting to know each other.

  B. Time for sharing ideas face to face.

  C. Time for doing small jobs.

  D. Time for taking the stairs.

  【正确答案】B

  第50题 Which of the following probably has the most calories?

  A. Strawberry daiquiri.

  B. Regular beer.

  C. Margarita.

  D. Wine.

  【正确答案】C

  五、补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分。) 根据中文提示,把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

  提示:Daniel(D)去火车站迷了路。他问一个女孩(G),她也不熟悉这个地方。询问警察(P)后得知,可以乘坐12路公共汽车。去最近的12路车站只需沿街直行,然后在第二个红绿灯(traffic lights)处右转。

  D:Excuse me,51______? I’m completely lost.

  G:Oh,I’m sorry.I’m a stranger here myself.Why don’t you ask the policeman over there

  D:Excuse me,officer.I’m asking about the way to the train station.

  P:52______.Just get off at the last stop and there it is.

  D:Yes,Bus No.12,53______

  P:Go ahead this way.54______.You’ll see the bus stop there.

  D:Thanks a lot.

  P:55______.

  51.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】can you tell me where the train(/railway)station is/can you show me the way to the train(/railway)station

  52.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】You may take Bus No.12/Bus No.12 will take you there

  53.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】but where is the nearest(bus)stop/but how can I find the nearest(bus)stop

  54.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】Turn right at the second traffic lights

  55.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】You’re welcome/My pleasure

  六、书面表达(满分30分)

  第56题

  假设你是李明,在本市主要商业区的一家银行找到工作后,给Jack发电子邮件,告诉他:

  1.下周搬到牛津大道(Oxford Street)14号城市花园3?12室居住,该地靠近银行;

  2.虽然离Jack家远了,但仍会像过去一样常去拜访他们;

  3.欢迎Jack前往新家作客,电话为7635089。

  注意:词数应为100左右

  Hi,Jack,

  __________

  Sincerely yours,

  Li Ming

  【正确答案】One possible version:

  Hi,Jack,

  I’ve got a new job at a bank in the main business area of the city.I’m moving to 3?12 City Garden,14 Oxford Street next week.It’s quite close to the bank.I’ve almost finished packing and hopefully the move will go smoothly.

  Though my new home is about an hour’s drive from your place,I’m sure I’ll have time to visit you and your family often,as I did in the past years.You are welcome to visit my new home anytime at weekends.Call me at 7635089 and let me know how you’re doing.

  Sincerely yours,

  Li Ming

 

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