2017年成人高考专升本《英语》应试模拟题(6)

时间:2018-03-03 17:29  作者:  阅读次数:

一、语音知识
1、
A.industry
B.industrial
C.instruct
D.instruction




2、
A.captain
B.certain
C.fountain
D.mountain


3、
A.avenue
B.argue
C.barbecue
D.clue 

4、
A.alphabet
B.basket
C.naked
D.emergency 

5、
A.happiness
B.impossible
C.possess
D.massage

二、词汇与语法知识
6、
Does he remember what he was doing ________?
A.by the time
B.just in time
C.in no time
D.at the time 

7、
He has never seen the Greens and he knows ________ about them.
A.little
B.a little
C.something
D.anything


8、 I would never have believed it was possible if I ________ it with my own eyes.
A.didn't see 
B.don't see
C.won't see 
D.hadn't seen


9、
When we woke up, everywhere was ________snow.
A.covered
B.covered in
C.covered with
D.covering


10、
Because of the complexity of our modern machine, we need our workers________
A.to train special
B.specified in training
C.to have specified training
D.training specially


11、
Tonight we are probably going to eat in the hotel restaurant and then get to bed early.I hate staying in hotels but it's part of________ job.
A.(blank)
B.the
C.a
D.an


12、
________ a little more tolerant our world would be a better place.
A.Were people
B.If people would
C.People were
D.Would people


13、 I cannot sleep.The dog next door is making too much noise.I wish it________  quiet.
A.kept
B.would keep
C.had kept
D.to keep


14、 Spanish people usually speak ________than English people.
A.quick 
B.more quick 
C.more quickly 
D.quicken


15、
I should never have said that. I wish Ithat.
A.didn't say
B.wouldn't say
C.hadn't said
D.don't say


16、
After all this time you'd think he'd have forgotten,________ 
A.didn't you
B.wouldn't you
C.did you
D.would you


17、
it is no good________English without speaking English.
A.to learn
B.learn
C.learning
D.learned 

18、 We returned school late from a party and found the door of the students' apartment________
A.had closed
B.close
C.to close
D.closed


19、________  the most versatile of the common metals, lead was widely valued and used in ancient times.
A.It is 
B.Therefore 
C.Among
D.Because


20、
If I________  get back to London in time, I'll definitely come.
A.can
B.could
C.would be able to
D.will be able to


三、完型填空
21、 回答21-35题
    Los Angeles has planted 2,000 rubber trees down the middle of one of its main streets.These trees do not 21rubber.They are,22 , made of rubber.Mr.Joe Dynamo, a spokesman for Los Angeles 23 council, explained the reasons.He said:
    "These 24are representative of our virtual society.We have polystyrene grass on our golf 25 .We have non-milk powder 26our coffee.We 27copies in plastic of old wooden furniture.We have fiberglass tombstones.28 shouldn't we have trees made of rubber?"
    "At 50 miles an hour, 29 motorist will see any difference.And our preservation 30 will be lower.You give the trees an annual rinse with detergent, and 31them off twice a year.We 32 a lot of money because transplanting, pruning, weeding and leaf-collection are all 33 And we have a 60-year 34 guarantee on each plaint.This is rationalization at35 best."

A.invent
B.do
C.produce
D.create


22、
A.in fact
B.eventually
C.practically
D.as a matter


23、
A.country
B.state
C.city
D.county


24、
A.plants
B.trees
C.rubber
D.streets


25、
A.courses
B.places
C.courts
D.playground


26、
A.on
B.of
C.at
D.in


27、
A.make
B.introduce
C.build
D.set


28、
A.What
B.How
C.When
D.Why


29、
A.some
B.no
C.many
D.a few


30、
A.costs
B.price
C.money
D.award


31、
A.sweep
B.wash
C.tidy
D.dust


32、
A.waste
B.keep
C.save
D.store


33、
A.essential
B.accidental
C.unnecessary
D.necessary


34、
A.fade
B.non-fade
C.die away
D.everlasting


35、
A.one's
B.its
C.their
D.the 

四、阅读理解
36、回答36-55题
    We show an amazing tolerance for a form of pollution that is a growing problem: noise.Airplane traffic is increasing by five percent a year.Urban noise is doubling every ten years.By air, land and sea, we are facing an onslaught of noise that is threatening our ability to live in this world.We have granted ourselves the right to make noise.But what about our responsibilities? Have we developed a sense of acoustic responsibility?
    The evidence suggests that we have not.Many people seem to believe they have an unlimited right to make noise with cars and motorbikes, and with loud music at home and in the street.In some countries measures have been taken to force people to make less noise.In Britain, for example, a law has been passed preventing people from disturbing their neighbors with music at night.It is widely accepted that we should deal with our rubbish in a responsible way.Noise is in reality a particularly insidious (潜在的 ) form of rubbish.It destroys community life, pursues us into our homes, keeps us from sleeping and is the cause of many stress-related illnesses, as well as hearing loss.Our acoustic environment belongs to all of us.Everyone has the right to use it, but no one has the right to abuse it.Let's start using it responsibly.

The level of noise produced in cities and towns________
A.is four times higher every ten years
B.is four times lower every two years
C.is twice as high now than ten years ago
D.is twice as high now than two years ago


37、 The right to make noise________
A.is often questioned
B.is particularly insidious
C.should be completely forbidden
D.should be accompanied by a sense of responsibility


38、 Many people________
A.think that they have the right to use noisy motorcycles or cars
B.think that cars and motorcycles are disturbing
C.feel responsible for their noise
D.feel guilty for making loud noise


39、 The author points out that________
A.noise cannot be prevented at all
B.people do not feel responsible for their rubbish
C.noise and garbage are problems that disturb us at home
D.we should accept our responsibility for noise as we do for rubbish

40、 回答40-59题
    It is bad to have food stuck between your teeth for long periods of time.This is because food attracts germs, germs produce acid ,and acid hurts your teeth and gums.Flossing helps to remove the food that gets stuck between your teeth.This explains why flossing helps to keep your mouth healthy, but some doctors say that flossing can be also good for your heart.It may seem strange that something you do for your teeth can have any effect on your heart.Doctors have come up with a few ideas about how flossing works to keep your heart healthy.One idea is that the germs that hurt your teeth can leave the mouth and travel into your blood.Germs that get into the blood can then attack your heart.Another idea is based on the fact that when there are too many germs in your mouth, the body tries to fight against these germs.For some reason, the way the body fights these mouth germs may end up weakening the heart over time.Not every doctor agrees about these ideas.Some doctors think that the link between good flossing habits and good heart health is only a coincidence.A coincidence is the occurrence of two or more events at one time apparently by mere chance.The incidence of these events is completely random, as they do not admit of any reliable cause and effect relationship between them.For example, every time I wash my car, it rains.This does not mean that when I wash my car, I somehow change the weather.This is only a coincidence.The theory that flossing your teeth helps to keep your heart healthy might not be true.But every doctor agrees that flossing is a great way to keep your teeth healthy.So even if flossing does not help your heart, it is sure to help your teeth.This is enough of a reason for everyone to floss their teeth every day.

Flossing effectively helps to keep your mouth healthy by preventing________
A.germs from producing acid
B.food from entering your body
C.germs from entering into your blood
D.acid from contacting your teeth and gums


41、 In paragraph 2, the author explains how having too many germs in your mouth can “end up weakening the heart."  Using the passage as a guide, it can be understood that doctors are________
A.reluctant to hypothesize
B.confident in their estimations
C.extremely knowledgeable
D.uncertain but speculative


42、
Using information in paragraph 3 as a guide, which of the following is the best example of a coincidence?
A.Jim wakes up with a sore throat.He eats a piece of bacon for breakfast.By noon, he feels much better.Jim decides that the bacon has cured his sore throat.
B.Laura remembers to brush her teeth every day, but she only remembers to floss once a week.She writes a note to herself, reminding herself to floss and sticks it to her bathroom mirror.
C.Mario is not very good at baseball.He practices playing every day.After a several months of practice, he is a much better baseball player.
D.Jai has a bad heart.Her doctor tells her to eat more vegetables and less junk food.After nearly a year of doing this, the doctor tells Jai that her heart is doing much better.


43、
Which of the following best states the main idea of the final paragraph?
A.Because doctors do not agree that flossing wilt help your heart, it is useless to floss.
B.It is a fact that flossing can help your heart as well as your teeth.
C.Even if flossing is only good for your teeth, you should still do it every day.
D.There is no good reason to believe that flossing will help your heart, but it is still a good idea to do it every day. 

44、回答44-63题
    Why would anyone want to push themselves into the public eye?
    "Famous people have usually experienced a negative event during childhood--often it's the loss of a parent, or rejection from a key figure in their life at a younger age," said Professor Cary Cooper.He suggested that" their motivator is therefore to achieve something they thought they couldn't manage".He added that their fame often takes them away from "ordinary people", and they're "thrown into a celebrity group of other people who are insecure".Canadian  psychologist  Mark  Schaller  argued  that  exposure  to  fame  inevitably  produces psychological disturbance.The famous become more chronically self-conscious and self-aware because of all the attention.Famous people constantly experience that " merely momentary discomfort" of heightened selfconsciousness you feel when someone points a camera at you, said Dr Persaud.And Prof Cooper said celebrities often suffer from depression, and turning to drink or drugs could be a result of them often feeling "lonely when not on stage".Being away from home a lot, being under the scrutiny of the press, difficulty sustaining relationships--all of this " makes them vulnerable" and often has a "stress-related outcome".And, of course, the public's fascination with celebrities helps fuel their fame.But why do people find them so exciting? Prof Cooper said it is all about our need for " communality"--a feeling of belonging.We talk about people in the public eye and use people as metaphors in public life for our own lives.But he added that we do not actually care about them as individuals--unfortunately for the celebrities we are interested only in how their own lives might reflect our own.

Many people need to be famous because they want________
A.the money
B.to follow their parents' steps
C.to be the best
D.to fight back the negative opinion from close ones


45、 Mark Schaller thinks that fame________
A.always causes some kind of psychological problems
B.always end in self-destruction
C.may cause minor social adjustments
D.gives moral support to the individual

46、 Some famous characters turn to drugs and alcohol because they________
A.are in bad company
B.feel lonely
C.enjoy it
D.need it to keep on working


47、 People love having celebrities as________
A.we want them to be part of ourselves
B.they truly admire their skills or looks
C.they are a good topic to speak about
D.everybody likes glamour




48、回答48-67题
    Have you ever wondered why authors write? Sometimes they are inspired to create stories.Other times they write to provide information about an interesting topic.Some authors write to convince us about something.Whatever the circumstances, authors have reasons for writing; this is called, the "author' s purpose." The three most common types of author' s purpose are: to entertain, to inform, and to persuade.Think about the last time a story made you laugh, cry, or tremble with fright.These types of stories are written with a particular purpose in mind: to entertain the reader.Authors write many kinds of stories to entertain, including humorous fiction, realistic fiction, fantasy, fairy tales, and fables.While fiction entertains, non-fiction has a different purpose.Many non-fiction writings or texts are written with the purpose of giving information about an interesting topic.Authors who write to inform must research their subject to ensure that they convey accurate information to the reader.Some examples of texts that inform are encyclopedia entries, news articles, expository non-fiction books, and interviews.All of these types of writing give information about certain topics.Sometimes authors write because they want to convince their readers about something.This is called argumentative, or persuasive writing.Oftentimes, texts that are meant to persuade use specific techniques to make the reader care about the subject, and to think about it in a certain way.These techniques might be found in letters to the editor, argumentative essays, or persuasive speeches.Next time you read a text, see if you can figure what the author is trying to tell you.It might be easier than you think.Just ask yourself: what is the author' s purpose?

Which of the following is most likely the title of a passage in which the author' s purpose is to________entertain?
A.Why Dogs are Smarter than Cats
B.An Interview with J.K.Rowling
C.The Adventures of Waldo Wizard
D.An Argument for Shorter Classes


49、 According to the passage, authors who write to inform want to________
A.provide information about a certain topic
B.make the reader laugh, cry, or scream
C.convince the reader to do something
D.invite the reader to critique their work


50、
According to the passage, texts that are meant to persuade often________
A.do not get as much attention as texts that entertain or inform
B.are very entertaining because they convince readers to laugh
C.use specific techniques to make the reader care about the subject
D.require a lot of research in order to ensure accuracy of information


51、
The author' s purpose in writing this passage is________
A.to persuade
B.to convince
C.to entertain
D.to inform




52、 回答52-71题
    There has been, in history, a man who was swallowed by a whale and lived to tell the tale.Theman's name is James Bartley.The records to prove his unusual experience are in the British Admirahy.Bartley was making his first trip on the whaling ship Star of the East.Suddenly the lookout sighted a huge sperm whale.The whalers knew it was a huge whale by the size of the spray it blew into the air.They lowered their small boats.James Bartley was in the first longboat.The men rowed until they were close to the whale.A harpoon was thrown and it found its mark.It sank into the whale's flesh.The maddened beast crashed into the boat, snapping its tail at the men and the wreckage of their boats.When the survivors were picked up, James Bartley was missing.Shortly before sunset, the whale was finally captured.The sailors tied the whale's dead-body to the side of the ship.Because of the hot weather it was important that they cut up the whale right away.Otherwise, the meat would begin to rot and the oil would begin to spoil.When they got to the stomach, they felt something moving about wildly.They thought it would be a big fish still alive inside.But when they opened the stomach they found James Bartley.After this trip, Bartley settled in England, and never returned to sea.

This passage is mainly about________
A.how to hunt whales for their oil and meat
B.the hard and dangerous lives that whalers had to live
C.the duties of each man on a whaling ship
D.a man who was swallowed by a whale and lived


53、 The sailors knew that something was in the whale's stomach because________
A.they could feel it moving about wildly
B.the whale seemed very heavy
C.the whale was swelling at one spot
D.the captain heard Bartley yelling for help


54、
James Bartley probably never went to sea again because________
A.he wanted different kinds of adventures
B.of fright and shock
C.he was crippled by the whale
D.he often got seasick


55、
The author, in telling James Bartley's story, informs us by________
A.narrating the plain facts
B.referring to whaling in general
C.comparing whaling to other fishing
D.dramatically telling what happened 

五、补全对话
56、

回答56-60题
A. Hold the line 
B. flight number
C. ask a question 
D. To New York
E. May I have your name 
F. reconfirm my seat
G. please check in 
H. On May 11
Reservations clerk: Northwind Airlines. Can I help you?
Daniel Adams: Hello. I'd like to 56 , please.
Reservations clerk: May I have your name and 57 , please?
Daniel Adams: My name is Daniel Adams and my flight number is 374.
Reservations clerk: When are you leaving?
Daniel Adams : 58
Reservations clerk: And your destination?
Daniel Adams: Buenos Aires.
Reservations clerk: 59 , please. (...) All right. Your seat is confirmed, Mr. Adams. You'll be
arriving in Buenos Aires at 4 o' clock p.m. local time.
Daniel Adams: Thank you. Can I pick up my ticket when I check in?
Reservations clerk: Yes, but 60 at least one hour before departure time.

________


57、 ________


58、
________


59、
________


60、
________

六、书面表达
61、

以行政管理部门(Administration Office)的名义写一份考试延期的通知。其内容如下:
(1)原考试日期、地点;
(2)延期至何时、何地;
(3)延期的原因;
(4)涉及的对象。

 


 

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