2008年河南成人高考高起点英语考试真题及参考答

时间:2018-03-03 17:46  作者:  阅读次数:

  一、语音知识:共量小题;每题l.5分,共7.5分。在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

  第1题 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. contain

  B. bargain

  C. explain

  D. remain

  【答案】B

  第2题 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. forbid

  B. double

  C. describe

  D. doubt

  【答案】D

  第3题 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. probably

  B. pronounce

  C. professor

  D. provide

  【答案】A

  第4题 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. ashamed

  B. asleep

  C. average

  D. attract

  【答案】C

  第5题 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

  A. circle

  B. cattle

  C. coast

  D. curtain

  【答案】A

  二、词汇与语法知识(共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。) 从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项。

  第6题He is busy______his suitcase.

  A. pack

  B. to pack

  C. packing

  D. packed

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查be busy doing结构。句意:他正忙着收拾行李。be busy doing sth.忙于做某事。

  第7题—What are you looking for

  —I can’t remember where I______my glasses.

  A. would leave

  B. leave

  C. had left

  D. left

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查时态。句意:——你正在找什么?——我想不起来把眼镜放在哪了。根据句意可知,从句的动作发生在过去,主句时态又是一般现在时,故从句时态为一般过去时。

  第8题The girl was pleased when the truth finally______.

  A. came on

  B. came out

  C. came in

  D. came down

  【正确答案】B

  【答案解析】本题考查动词短语辨析。句意:当真相大白的时候,小女孩很高兴。come out出来,出现;come on开始,进展;come in进来,到来;come down倒塌,下降。

  第9题I wonder______we could have a talk after the meeting.

  A. which

  B. why

  C. that

  D. if

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查宾语从句的连接词。句意:我想知道我们是否能够在会后谈谈。if和whether引导的宾语从句可以互换使用,但whether常和or not连用,if一般不与or not连用。

  第10题It began to rain,and Johnson put a light plastic raincoat______his jacket.

  A. at

  B. in

  C. over

  D. above

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查介词辨析。句意:开始下雨了,约翰逊在他的夹克外面套上一件很轻的塑料雨衣。over表示“覆盖在……上面”。

  第11题Work hard______you will overcome the difficulties.

  A. and

  B. so

  C. but

  D. for

  【正确答案】A

  【答案解析】本题考查连词辨析。句意:努力学习吧,你会克服困难的。前半句是个祈使句,连词and用在祈使句后,表示结果,意为“那么”。

  第12题There are five language labs in this building.One is on the second floor and______on the third floor.

  A. other

  B. the other

  C. other four

  D. the others

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查代词辨析。句意:这栋楼里有五个语言实验室,一个在第二层,其余四个在第三层。other作代词时,指两者中的另一个或另一些,之前常用定冠词the;the others意思是“其他东西,其余的人”,特指某一范围内的其他全部,是the other的复数形式。

  第13题My parents started off at about 5 oclock in the morning.They______by now.

  A. would be arriving

  B. should have arrived

  C. would have arrived

  D. should be arriving

  【正确答案】B

  【答案解析】本题考查情态动词的用法。句意:我的父母在早上五点钟就出发了,现在应该已经到了。根据时间状语by now可知用完成时态,排除A、D。should have done表示“(估计)应该已经……、大概已经……”,即对过去情况的推测。

  第14题You can borrow that bicycle if you______.

  A. want to

  B. want it

  C. want to do

  D. will want

  【正确答案】A

  【答案解析】本题考查省略句型。句意:如果你想要借的话,你可以借那辆自行车。不能去掉to,因为want to do里面必须有to,为了避免累赘,省略了want to do的do。

  第15题The nurse held a small child______face I didnt see clearly.

  A. which

  B. that

  C. whose

  D. who

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查关系代词的用法。句意:护士抱着一个小孩,小孩的脸我没有看得很清楚。本句是个定语从句,关系代词指物时用which,排除A;又因为关系代词在句中作定语,排除B、D。

  第16题Jack was the sort of man who did not like his actions______.

  A. be questioned

  B. questioning

  C. having questioned

  D. questioned

  【正确答案】D

  【答案解析】本题考查分词作后置定语。句意:杰克就是那种不喜欢别人质疑他行为的人。question与his actions是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词,表示被动。

  第17题It is over a year now since I came to the company,but I______the manager yet.

  A. havent met

  B. didnt meet

  C. dont meet

  D. wouldnt meet

  【正确答案】A

  【答案解析】本题考查时态。句意:自从我来到这个公司,已经有一年多了,但是我还没有见过经理。根据句意可知,应用现在完成时态。

  第18题With such a lot of work______,Mr.Jordan really had no time to look after his wife and daughter.

  A. done

  B. doing

  C. to do

  D. having done

  【正确答案】C

  【答案解析】本题考查with的复合结构。句意:因为还有如此多的工作要做,乔丹真的没有时间去照顾他的妻子和女儿。本题用with+名词+动词不定式结构,表示将要发生的动作。

  第19题______at his model plane over the weekend,he didnt complete it.

  A. As he worked hard

  B. Hard as he worked

  C. How he worked hard

  D. How hard he worked

  【正确答案】B

  【答案解析】本题考查倒装结构。句意:尽管他整个周末都在做他的飞机模型,但是他仍未完成。as作“尽管”讲,引导让步状语从句,要使用部分倒装结构,将表语或状语提前。

  第20题—Hello,this is Linda speaking.May I speak to Jim

  —Yes, ______.

  A. it is

  B. speaking

  C. I am Jim

  D. thats me

  【正确答案】B

  三、完形填空(共15小题;每题2分,共30分。) 通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  Itzhak Perlman was born in Israel.Today he lives in New York City.But his music has made him a citizen of the world.He has played in 21__________ every major city.He has 22__________ fifteen Grammy awards(奖)and four Emmys.

  Perlman suffered a terrible disease which damaged his 23__________ at 4.Today he uses a wheelchair or walks with crutches(拐杖).But none of these 24 __________ him from playing the violin(小提琴).As a young child,he took his first 25__________ at the Music Academy of Tel Aviv.Very quickly,his special gift was 26__________.At 13 he went to the United States to appear on television.His playing 27 __________ him to the Juilliard School in New York.

  His music is full of power and strength.It can be 28__________ or joyful,loud or soft.But people say it is not the music alone that makes his playing so 29__________.They say he is able to show the joy he 30 __________ in playing,and the feelings that great music can express.

  Anyone who has 31__________ his performance will tell you that it is 32 __________ to watch him play.His face changes as the 33 __________ from his violin changes.He smiles and 34__________ his eyes when the music is light and happy.He often 35__________ dark when the music seems dark and frightening. Itzhak Perlman has received many honors,and continues to receive honors for his music.

  第21题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. almost

  B. just

  C. merely

  D. even

  【正确答案】A

  第22题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. caught

  B. enjoyed

  C. given

  D. won

  【正确答案】D

  第23题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. brains

  B. hand

  C. legs

  D. voice

  【正确答案】C

  第24题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. protected

  B. reduced

  C. blocked

  D. stopped

  【正确答案】D

  第25题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. lessons

  B. violin

  C. experience

  D. performances

  【正确答案】A

  第26题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. received

  B. improved

  C. recognized

  D. shared

  【正确答案】C

  第27题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. guided

  B. led

  C. showed

  D. caused

  【正确答案】B

  第28题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. astonishing

  B. exciting

  C. happy

  D. sad

  【正确答案】D

  第29题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. special

  B. easy

  C. difficult

  D. common

  【正确答案】A

  第30题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. develops

  B. learns

  C. feels

  D. touches

  【正确答案】C

  第31题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. sat

  B. helped

  C. monitored

  D. attended

  【正确答案】D

  第32题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. surprising

  B. exciting

  C. boring

  D. encouraging

  【正确答案】B

  第33题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. strength

  B. play

  C. music

  D. feeling

  【正确答案】C

  第34题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. fixes

  B. closes

  C. wipes

  D. rolls

  【正确答案】B

  第35题请选择最佳选项( )。

  A. sounds

  B. looks

  C. thinks

  D. acts

  【正确答案】B

  四、阅读理解(共15小题;每题3分,共45分。) 阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

  A

  In 2006,Charleston Middle School started an outdoor classroom program by a small group of teachers.“This program is well on its way to being a great success for our school and community(社区).The students love it because they get to see nature at work.I love it because I see it in their eyes that they are learning about the outdoors.”said Coach Nathan Ross,a 5th grade teacher at Charleston Middle School.These teachers took their summer break to get this program started.The money for the outdoor classroom came from collecting cans,school plays,and teachers vs.students basketball games.

  The outdoor classroom has different kinds of trees and plants labeled(挂上标签)so that the students can see and know what is in their school backyard.They built an outdoor theater,bridge and bird?houses.The bridge is a walkway over a small river,which is still under construction.The bird?houses are home to many different kinds of birds.“I think the outdoor classroom is so much fun!My favorite thing is the bird?houses because I love to listen to the birds sing.”said 4th grader Kailee Porter.

  The outdoor classroom connects the students with the outdoors and provides a new setting and environment(环境)for learning.“I like the outdoor classroom because we don’t have to sit in the hot classroom all day.We get to go outside and enjoy nature,”said Scott Ross,a 5th grader.

  第36题The teachers started an outdoor classroom program in order to______.

  A. help students learn about nature

  B. take students away to the countryside

  C. see what the school backyard looks like

  D. get something to do when school is over

  【正确答案】A

  第37题Part of the money for the outdoor classroom came from______.

  A. students in the program

  B. the income from students plays

  C. a can collector in the community

  D. parents interested in the program

  【正确答案】B

  第38题_____is one of the activities in the outdoor classroom.

  A. Building bird?houses

  B. Holding basketball games

  C. Having classes in the theater

  D. Catching different kinds of birds

  【正确答案】A

  B

  Joseph Lemasolai wrote a book about his life.His people,the Maasai,are nomads,meaning they do not stay in one place for long.They move their villages in search of good grass and fresh water for their cattle.“The cow is the centerpiece of pretty much everything we do,”Joseph explains.“That’s why we move.We could not be nomads without cattle.You can’t move for nothing—you can’t just walk around!”

  When he was very young,Joseph spent much of his time looking after his family’s cattle,taking them to food and water and watching out for lions.He played on the grassland with his friends.

  When Joseph was about six years old,he left his family to attend a boarding school(寄宿学校).There,Joseph faced difficulties much like other children do.He was laughed at because he was fat.He got into trouble daily with his teachers.

  But Joseph also faced difficulty most children do not.“Every time school closed for vacation,I had to find my way home,”Joseph says.“That was one of the hardest things:The village might be 5 miles away,or it might be 50.Sometimes I wouldn’t know exactly where my family was.I had to search for them.”

  Joseph later attended high school in a city.After graduation,he went to college.Finally,he became a social studies teacher,and now he is teaching seventh and eighth graders at a school.

  Every summer,Joseph travels back to the grassland to visit his mother,brothers,and friends.And he takes a group of students with him to see both the beauty and the difficulty of growing up in that part of the country.“I like to show them the other side of the coin,”Joseph says.

  第39题The word "centerpiece" in Paragraph 1 means "______".

  A. the reason of moving

  B. the things already done

  C. the most important part

  D. the animal in the middle

  【正确答案】C

  第40题Before going to school,Joseph spent a lot of his time______.

  A. visiting his friends from place to place

  B. getting food and water for his family

  C. taking care of his familys cattle

  D. watching lions on the grassland

  【正确答案】C

  第41题When school closed for vacation,Joseph usually had great difficulty______.

  A. finding out where his home and village were

  B. understanding what he was required to do

  C. getting in touch with his teachers

  D. walking 5 to 50 miles in a day

  【正确答案】A

  第42题By taking some of his students home,Joseph wants them to______.

  A. deal with difficult situations

  B. know about his love for his family

  C. realize what the people really need

  D. learn about a different way of living

  【正确答案】D

  C

  Clay is important because it is used to make containers of all kinds.Workers add water to soften clay.This makes it easier to form into shapes by hand or by machine.Then it is heated to a very high temperature.The result is a container that will last for many years.

  In many countries,clay was formed from volcanoes(火山).This kind of clay usually contains many minerals(矿物质).So the fires to make containers from volcanic clay must be hotter than those used for non?volcanic clay.The fires may be as hot as 1400 ℃.The high temperature should not be reached too fast so that the containers can be dried slowly.

  You can add some materials to clay to gain desired results.For example,you can add sand to prevent tiny breaks or lines from forming on the surface of the final product.But you should not use sand from the coasts of oceans.Instead,you should use sand from rivers or other areas.

  Clay often exists in fields covered with some water.The clay will be found about one meter below the ground.River banks often also have clay about one meter or less under the surface.Clay is very shiny when it is wet.You can also take some of the material and add enough water to it.Then press it in your hands until it is about the size of an egg.It is probably clay if it holds together when you stop pressing.

  第43题What do workers do with clay to make it into different shapes?

  A. Soften it by putting water into it.

  B. Heat it to a very high temperature.

  C. Harden its surface by pressing it.

  D. Add some materials into it.

  【正确答案】A

  第44题Whats the difference between volcanic clay and non?volcanic clay?

  A. Volcanic clay can be found in very few countries.

  B. Non-volcanic clay can be dried more quickly.

  C. Non-volcanic clay makes better containers.

  D. Volcanic clay usually has more minerals.

  【正确答案】D

  第45题In making containers sand is added to clay______.

  A. to produce containers free from tiny breaks

  B. to make desired lines on the surface

  C. to make it easier to shape

  D. to get special patterns

  【正确答案】A

  第46题Clay can often be found______.

  A. along the coast of the ocean

  B. anywhere under the ground

  C. in water-covered fields

  D. under volcanoes

  【正确答案】C

  D

  Nearly five million people see Grand Canyon each year.

  Most of them see it from their cars at overlooks along the South Rim.The South Rim is the easiest to reach in the park.

  The South Rim is open 24 hours a day,365 days a year.Services are provided and facilities(设施)are open year round.

  A much smaller number of people see the Canyon from the North Rim,which lies just 10 miles directly across the Canyon from the South Rim.The North Rim rises a thousand feet higher than the South Rim,and is more difficult to reach.Heavy snows close the road to the North Rim from late October to mid?May of each year.Even in good weather it’s harder to get to.

  The inner canyon includes everything below the rim and is seen mainly by campers,mule(骡子)riders,or river runners.There are many opportunities here for adventurous persons who want to camp,ride a mule to Phantom Ranch,or take a river trip through the Canyon on the Colorado River.

  Visitor services and facilities inside the national park on the North Rim are only open from mid?May to late October.Weather permitting,the North Rim is open for day use only,following the close of facilities in late October.During this time there are neither services nor overnight facilities.

  第47题What do we learn from the passage about the South Rim?

  A. It attracts over five million visitors each year.

  B. It is hard to get to even in good weather.

  C. It is not open in winter months.

  D. It is lower than the North Rim.

  【正确答案】D

  第48题From late October to mid-May,______the North Rim.

  A. many mule riders come to

  B. heavy snows block the way to

  C. services are provided 24 hours on

  D. the weather is usually pleasant on

  【正确答案】B

  第49题To see the inner part of the Canyon visitors can____.

  A. follow the mules passing by

  B. drive a car to Phantom Ranch

  C. have campers take them there

  D. take a trip on the Colorado River

  【正确答案】D

  第50题The article is most probably from_______.

  A. a history book for children

  B. a guidebook for tourists

  C. a newspaper for businessmen

  D. a magazine for sportsmen

  【正确答案】B

  五、补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分。) 根据中文提示,把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

  提示:Jack 去图书馆借书,但没有借书证(library card)。图书管理员Linda为他办理了借书证,并告诉他每本书可借两个星期,如果需要,可以续借。

  Linda:Good morning.51______

  Jack:Yes,I want to borrow a book.

  Linda:52______

  Jack:No,I don’t have one now.53______

  Linda:Well,please fill in this form first.

  Jack:OK.(A few minutes later.)Here’s the completed form.

  Linda:Thanks.The card will be ready in thirty minutes,and you can take it later.

  Jack:Thank you.By the way,54______

  Linda:Well,two weeks.But then,you can renew the book if you still need it.

  Jack:I see.Thanks a lot.

  Linda:55______.

  51.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】Can I help you/What can I do for you

  52.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】Do you have a library card/Have you(got)a library card

  53.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】How can I get one(/a library card)/What should I do to get one(/a library card)

  54.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】how long can I keep a book(/the book)(I borrow)

  55.请填写最佳答案( )。

  【正确答案】You’re welcome/My pleasure

  六、书面表达(满分30分)

  第56题

  假设你是李华,你的朋友Peter将来中国旅行。请写信邀请他来你家乡游玩,应包含以下内容:

  1.交通:飞机或火车,机场有45路公交车,在最后一站下车,如坐火车你将去车站接;

  2.活动内容:到附近的岛上玩,游泳、跑步、爬山、吃海鲜。

  注意:

  1.开头和结尾已为你写好;

  2.词数应为100左右。

  Dear Peter,

  I’m really excited to know that you’ll come to China for summer holidays.I hope you’ll come to visit my hometown.

  ____________

  Let me know your travel plan when you have one.I’m looking forward to seeing you again,in my hometown.

  Cheers,

  Li Hua

  【正确答案】One possible version:

  Dear Peter,

  I’m really excited to know that you’ll come to China for summer holidays.I hope you’ll come to visit my hometown.

  You can either fly or take a train to come here when you’re in the country.Both the airport and train station are not far from my home.From the airport you can take Bus No.45.Please get off at the last stop.If you come by train,I’ll meet you at the train station.

  During your stay,we can visit the islands nearby.They are very beautiful in summer.We can go swimming in the sea,running along the seaside and climbing the hills there.The seafood is wonderful on the islands.I’m sure you’ll like it.

  Let me know your travel plan when you have one.I’m looking forward to seeing you again,in my hometown.Cheers,

  Li Hua


推荐阅读
  • 学历教育
  • 职业资格
  • 财会金融
  • 工 程 类
  • 公务员类
  • 医 学 类
  • 联系我们
  • 关于我们
  • 网站地图html
  • 网站地图xml